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South Asia: geography - countries - cities / India: information - history - figures of the 20th century

South Asia: geography
- Exercise
South Asia geography Oceans and seas
1 Indian Ocean
2 Arabian Sea
3 Bay of Bengal
Rivers
4 Indus
5 Ganges
6 Brahmaputra
Mountains
7 Himalayas
8 Mount Everest (8,848 m)

South Asia: countries (number of inhabitants in millions)- Exercise
South Asia: countries 1 India 1,210 m
2 Pakistan 182 m
3 Afghanistan 31 m
4 China 1,350 m
5 Nepal 26 m
6 Bhutan 0.7 m
7 Bangladesh 150 m
8 Myanmar 61 m
9 Sri Lanka 20 m
10 Maldives 0.3 m

South Asia: cities (number of inhabitants in millions)- Exercise
South Asia: cities
1 Mumbai 12.5 m
2 Karachi 11.1 m
3 Delhi 11.0 m
4 Bangalore 8.4 m
5 Dhaka 7.1 m
6 Hyderabad 6.8 m
7 Lahore 6.7 m
8 Yangon 6.1 m
9  Kolkata 4.5 m
10 Islamabad 1.1 m

India: main information - Exercise
Indian flag Area: 3,287,263 square km
Population: 1,210,193,422 inhabitants
Capital: New Delhi
Currency: Rupee
Official languages: Hindi and English
Religions : Hinduism 82%, Islam 12%, Christianism 2,3%, Sikhism 2%, Buddhism 0,8%, Jainism 0,4%

National bird National animal National flower
Peacock Tiger Lotus
national bird national animal national flower

 India: history (a very approximate timeline) - Exercise
-3000/-1500: Indus Valley Civilization (Bronze Age)
-1500/-800: Vedism (Iron Age)
-800 BC/1000: Rise and classical period of Hinduism
1000/1500: Establishment of Islam
1500/1857: Mughal dynasties and arrival of European explorers
1858: The British take control of India, which becomes "the Jewel in the Crown" of the Empire.
1947 (15th August): Independence of India, partition between India with a Hindu majority and
Pakistan with a Muslim majority.
1971: Bangladesh separates from Pakistan.
Taj-Mahal
The Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan between 1632 and 1653 in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal.

India: main political figures of the 20th century -
Exercise
Mahatma Gandhi (1869–1948) Leader of the Independence movement against British rule. (assassinated) 1 P. V. Narasimha Rao (1921–2004) Prime Minister from 1991 to 1996 6
2 Jawaharlal Nehru (1889–1964) Prime Minister from 1947 to 1964 (died in office) 7 Atal Bihari Vajpayee (born 1924) Prime Minister in 1996 and from 1998 to 2004
Indira Gandhi (1917–1984) Prime Minister from 1966 to 1977 and from 1980 to 1984 (daughter of the former) (assassinated) 3 Manmohan Singh (born 1932) Prime Minister from 2004 to 2014 5
4 Rajiv Gandhi (1944–91) Prime Minister from 1984 to 1989 (son of the former) (assassinated) Narendra Modi Narendra Modi (born 1950) Prime Minister since 2014