SCOTLAND - Famous Scottish inventors

Gap-fill exercise

Famous Scottish inventors
Classify the following names in the chart: Baird – Bell – Dunlop – Fleming – McAdam – MacIntosh – Watt – Wilmut
John Loudon (1756-1836): Revolutionised roads. This Scottish engineer and road-builder invented a new process, "isation", for building roads with a smooth hard surface that would be more durable and less muddy (boueux) than soil-based tracks.James (1736-1819): Perfected the Steam Engine. The Greenock-born genius changed our world from an agricultural society to an industrial one. He transformed steam (vapeur) engines into the power of the Industrial Revolution. The electrical unit is named after him.
Charles (1766-1843): Invented the Raincoat. Glasgow-born chemist developed technique of sandwiching a layer (couche) of rubber between two layers of cloth, making it waterproof. It was first used for an 1824 Arctic expedition. His name lives on today when we refer to wearing a or a mac.John Boyd (1840-1921): Invented the Modern Tyre (pneu). Born in Dreghorn, Ayrshire, he qualified as a vet at nineteen. Fed up with travelling on bumpy roads, he experimented with his son's tricycle and came up with the idea of an inflated rubber* tube. Established what became Rubber Company. * caoutchouc
Alexander Graham (1847-1922): Invented the Telephone. The Edinburgh teacher of deaf children experimented with electronic devices to help them communicate. His invention was patented (bréveté) in 1876. His many inventions include the biplane, which made its first public flight in the USA in 1908.Sir Alexander (1881-1955): Discovered penicillin. Born near Darvel, Ayrshire, he studied medicine in London. Developed the use of anti-typhoid vaccines and in 1928 discovered penicillin, revolutionising world medicine. He won the Nobel Prize in 1945.
John Logie (1888-1946): Invented the Television. Born in Helensburgh, he produced the first TV picture in October 1925. Sent the first images across the Atlantic in 1928. Started first TV station with broadcasts for BBC. Also involved in fibre-optics, radio direction finding and infra-red night viewing.Dr. Ian (1944 - ): First cloned a mammal. In 1996 he led a team at Roslin Institute, near Edinburgh, which created Dolly, the first cloned mammal. It caused a worldwide sensation. He is now leading stem-cell (cellule-souche) research into degenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's.

Classify the following names in the chart: Baird – Bell – Dunlop – Fleming – McAdam – MacIntosh – Watt – Wilmut