U.K. History - 06

Gap-fill exercise

Fill in all the gaps, then press "Check" to check your answers. Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble. You can also click on the "[?]" button to get a clue. Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints or clues!
   beheading      Boyne      Civil War      Cromwell      Glorious Revolution      Gunpowder Plot      Guy Fawkes      Habeas Corpus      Union of the Crowns      William of Orange   

17th century: House of Stuart
In 1603, The King of Scots, James VI, of the House of Stuart, the closest male relative of Elisabeth I, became King James I of England in a of England and Scotland. Several assassination attempts were made on him, notably, in 1605, the , by a group of Catholic conspirators, led by , which caused more antipathy in England towards the Catholic faith.
In 1642, the English broke out, as a result of conflicts between James' son, Charles I, and Parliament. The defeat of the Royalist army by the Army of Parliament led to the capture and trial of Charles resulting in his (décapitation) in 1649 in London and making England a republican Commonwealth. Oliver , a commander of the Army of the Parliament was given the title Lord Protector in 1653, until his death in 1658. The monarchy was restored in 1660, with King Charles I's son, King Charles II, returning to London.
In 1679, the Act was passed by the Parliament of England to define and strengthen the ancient prerogative writ of habeas corpus, whereby persons unlawfully detained cannot be ordered to be prosecuted before a court of law. After the death of Charles II in 1685, his Catholic brother King James II was crowned. Due to widespread objections to a Catholic serving as the King of England, there were various factions pressing for the Dutch Protestant Prince and his wife, Mary, King James's daughter, to replace the latter in what became known as the .
In 1688, William landed in England with an invading force, was crowned king and finally defeated James at the Battle of the in 1690.

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