U.K. History - 07

Gap-fill exercise

Fill in all the gaps, then press "Check" to check your answers. Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble. You can also click on the "[?]" button to get a clue. Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints or clues!
   Acts of Union      American      Australia      Bengal      Hanover      India      James Cook      Newfoundland      Seven Years      Spanish Succession      Treaty of Paris   

18th century: a growing Empire
In 1701, Britain took part in the War of the against Spain and France which saw the defeat of the latter in 1714. At the concluding peace Treaty of Utrecht, the British Empire was territorially enlarged: from France, Britain gained and Acadia, and from Spain, Gibraltar.
In 1707, the between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland were passed by both parliaments , and dissolved them in order to form a Kingdom of Great Britain governed by a unified Parliament of Great Britain according to the Treaty of Union.
In 1714, The House of succeeded the House of Stuart as monarchs of Great Britain and Ireland and held that office until the death of Victoria in 1901.
In the 1740s and 1750s, during the Carnatic Wars in , the British East India Company struggled with the French as the Mughal Empire declined in power, and the British finally defeated the French and their Indian allies, leaving the Company in control of and a major military and political power in India.
In 1763, the signing of the putting an end to the ' War was the result of a major British victory over France. In North America, France ceded its territories in Canada to Britain. Spain ceded Florida to Britain. It therefore left Britain as the world's dominant colonial power.
In 1775, the War of Independence began. In 1776, the colonists declared the independence of the United States and with economical and naval assistance from France, they won the war in 1783, depriving Britain of its most populous colony.
In 1770, discovered the eastern coast of during a scientific voyage to the South Pacific. In 1778, Joseph Banks, Cook's botanist on the voyage, presented evidence to the government on the suitability of Botany Bay for the establishment of a penal settlement, and in 1788 the first convicts arrived in Australia.

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