Accueil > Civilisation > U.S.A. > The U.S. Federal Government

Exercise

1 SUPREME COURT OF JUSTICE
2 FEDERAL COURTS
3 CONGRESS
4 PRESIDENT
5 VICE PRESIDENT
6 SENATE
7 HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
8 CABINET

Exercise

The Judicial Branch The supreme court of justice decides on the constitutionality of legislation.
decides on the compatibility of state legislation with federal legislation.
The federal courts decides cases involving states or federal officials or administrations.
The Legislative Branch Congress has the power to make laws and to declare war.
is composed of:
The Senate 2 senators by state elected for six years by third every two years.
They confirm all the appointments of officials made by the President.
The House of Representatives 435 representatives elected for two years.
A representative for about 500,000 persons
Each state gets at least one representative.
They elect a speaker, incumbent John Boehner, who presides the House.
They have the sole power to originate tax bills.
The Executive Branch

The President,
incumbent Barack Obama

signs laws and takes care that they "be faithfully executed".
can veto a law if he disapproves it.
is a "Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States".
gives a State-of-the-Union Address to Congress every year.
The Vice-president,
incumbent Joe Biden
replaces the President if he is disabled (dead, impeached, ...)
He also serves as president of the Senate. He votes only when a tie occurs.
The Cabinet is composed of departments  (of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, ...) administered by secretaries of departments who are in charge of the enforcement and administration of federal laws. Foreign policy is conducted by the secretary of state, incumbent John Kerry.