Anglais > Grammaire > Verbes > Present Present PerfectSimple - Be + ing - Perfect Be + ing - Impératif

 Le Present Perfect est un temps du présent qui permet de faire le bilan d'une action commencée dans le passé.

Il se forme avec l'auxiliaire 'have' au présent, et le verbe au participe passé. Pour le verbe 'work', cela donne :

Forme affirmative Forme négative Forme interrogative
complète contractée complète contractée affirmative nég. contractée
I have worked I've worked I have not worked I haven't worked Have I worked? Haven't I worked?
he has worked he's worked he has not worked he hasn't worked Has he worked? Hasn't he worked?
we have worked we've worked we have not worked we haven't worked Have we worked? Haven't we worked?
you have worked you've worked you have not worked you haven't worked Have you worked? Haven't you worked?
they have worked they've worked they have not worked they haven't worked Have they worked? Haven't they worked?
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Le Present Perfect est une des façons de traduire le passé composé français, une autre étant le Simple Past. Il faut donc bien distinguer les deux temps en anglais.

Il existe un Present Perfect Be + Ving, qui considère l'action dans sa durée.

ATTENTION: La forme du verbe en 'ed' est le 'past participle'. Il faut apprendre la forme correspondante pour chacun des verbes irréguliers.

Pour les verbes réguliers, ce 'ed' se prononce:

[t] après une consonne sourde : he has worked, she has hoped, Peter has laughed

[d] après une consonne sonore ou une voyelle: this man loved, it opened, she traveled, she enjoyed, he ordered,...

Attention, les verbes terminés par 'y' précédé d'une consonne voient ce 'y' transformé à l'écrit en ie: she carried, he hurried, it dried, ...

[id] après les sons [t]: he rated, [d]: she padded

Le Present Perfect Be + Ving est un des temps du Perfect :

Simplebe + Ving
PresentI have workedI have been working
PastI had workedI had been working
 

Voix passive :

Forme affirmative Forme négative Forme interrogative  
complète contractée complète contractée affirmative nég. contractée
I have been called I've been called I have not been called I've not been called Have I been called? Haven't I been called?
he has been called he's been called he has not been called he's not been called Has he been called? Hasn't he been called?
we have been called we've been called we have not been called we've not been called Have we been called? Haven't we been called?
you have been called you've been called you have not been called you've not been called Have you been called? Haven't you been called?
they have been called they've been called they have not been called they've not been called Have they been called? Haven't they been called?