Anglais > Grammaire > Verbes

Un verbe est un mot qui se conjugue. En anglais, la conjugaison se fait par l'association d'auxiliaires et de formes : He is working. = Il travaille.

Auxiliaires
La conjugaison des verbes anglais a souvent recours à des auxiliaires :
Be auxiliaire de l'aspect Be + Ving (present / past) et du Passif
Have auxiliaire de l'aspect Perfect (present / past)
Do auxiliaire du Simple Present, qui devient Did au Simple Past
Modaux : Must, Can, Could, May, Might, Will, Would, Should, ...
Formes
Un verbe anglais régulier peut prendre 4 formes : 
V work (base verbale) = le verbe à sa forme la plus simple (simple present affirmatif sauf 3° personne, impératif).
Vs works = forme de la troisième personne du singulier du simple present affirmatif.
Ving working = forme notamment utilisée pour la formation de l'aspect Be + Ving (present / past).
Ved worked = forme du Simple past affirmatif ou du Past participleCette forme est irrégulière pour environ 180 verbes.
There be (il y a) - Question tags -

Le verbe peut se conjuguer selon les opérations suivantes :
x
PRESENT Simple present Present Be + Ving Present perfect  Present perfect Be + Ving
I work I am working I have worked I have been working
you work you are working you have worked you have been working
he works he is working he has worked he has been working
we work we are working we have worked we have been working
you work you are working you have worked you have been working
they work they are working they have worked they have been working
PAST
Simple past Past Be + Ving Past perfect  Past perfect Be + Ving
I worked I was working I had worked I had been working
you worked you were working you had worked you had been working
he worked he was working he had worked he had been working
we worked we were working we had worked we had been working
you worked you were working you had worked you had been working
they worked they were working they had worked they had been working
x
PRESENT Simple present Present Be + Ving Present perfect  Present perfect Be + Ving
I do not work I am not working I have not worked I have not been working
you do not work you are not working you have not worked you have not been working
he does not work he is not working he has not worked he has not been working
we do not work we are not working we have not worked we have not been working
you do not work you are not working you have not worked you have not been working
they do not work they are not working they have not worked they have not been working
PAST
Simple past Past Be + Ving Past perfect  Past perfect Be + Ving
I did not work I was not working I had not worked I had not been working
you did not work you were not working you had not worked you had not been working
he did not work he was not working he had not worked he had not been working
we did not work we were not working we had not worked we had not been working
you did not work you were not working you had not worked you had not been working
they did not work they were not working they had not worked they had not been working
x
PRESENT Simple present Present Be + Ving Present perfect  Present perfect Be + Ving
Do I work? Am I working? Have I worked? Have been working?
Do you work? Are you working? Have you worked? Have you been working?
Does he work? Is he working? Has he worked? Has he been working?
Do we work? Are we working? Have we worked? Have we been working?
Do you work? Are you working? Have you worked? Have you been working?
Do they work? Are they working? Have they worked? Have they been working?
PAST
Simple past Past Be + Ving Past perfect  Past perfect Be + Ving
Did I work? Was I working? Had I worked? Had been working?
Did you work? Were you working? Had you worked? Had you been working?
Did he work? Was he working? Had he worked? Had he been working?
Did we work? Were we working? Had we worked? Had we been working?
Did you work? Were you working? Had you worked? Had you been working?
Did they work? Were they working? Had they worked? Had they been working?
x
PRESENT Simple present Present Be + Ving Present perfect Present perfect Be + Ving
Don't I work? Aren't I working? Haven't I worked? Haven't been working?
Don't you work? Aren't you working? Haven't you worked? Haven't you been working?
Doesn't he work? Isn't he working? Hasn't he worked? Hasn't he been working?
Don't we work? Aren't we working? Haven't we worked? Haven't we been working?
Don't you work? Aren't you working? Haven't you worked? Haven't you been working?
Don't they work? Aren't they working? Haven't they worked? Haven't they been working?
PAST
Simple past Past Be + Ving Past perfect Past perfect Be + Ving
Didn't I work? Wasn't I working? Hadn't I worked? Hadn't been working?
Didn't you work? Weren't you working? Hadn't you worked? Hadn't you been working?
Didn't he work? Wasn't he working? Hadn't he worked? Hadn't he been working?
Didn't we work? Weren't we working? Hadn't we worked? Hadn't we been working?
Didn't you work? Weren't you working? Hadn't you worked? Hadn't you been working?
Didn't they work? Weren't they working? Hadn't they worked? Hadn't they been working?

Temps
La conjugaison d'un verbe anglais se fait selon 2 temps (tenses : present / past) et 3 aspects (simple / be + Ving / perfect).
Active
Present Simple present he works Simple present ou Present + Be Ving ?         Imperative Passive
Present Be + Ving he is working Present perfect be + Ving he has been working
Present Perfect he has worked Present Perfect ou Simple past ?
Past Simple past he worked
Past Be + Ving he was working Past perfect be + Ving he had been working
Past Perfect he had worked      
Modals  Formes du présent Will May  Can  Shall  Must
 Formes du passé Would Might  Could  Should  

La correspondance de traduction entre les temps du français et les temps de l'anglais est généralement la suivante :
Français English Exercices
Présent de l'indicatif  Habituellement, il travaille bien. Usually he works well. Simple present 1 - 2 - cours
Il travaille en ce moment. (il est en train de travailler ...) He is working at the moment. Present be + Ving
Il travaille ici depuis 2001. He has worked here since 2001. Present perfect 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - cours
Passé composé Il a déjà travaillé ici. He has already worked here.
Il a travaillé ici en 2002. (= il travailla ...) He worked here in 2002. Simple past
Imparfait (habitude) Il travaillait bien dans sa jeunesse. He worked well in his youth. (He used to work ...) 7 - 8 - cours
Imparfait (action en cours dans le passé) Il travaillait quand le téléphone a sonné. He was working when the phone rang. Past be + Ving
Plus-que-parfait Il avait déjà travaillé ici. He had already worked here. Past perfect 9 - cours
Futur simple Il travaillera ici dorénavant. He will work here from now on. Will + V 10 - 11 - 12 - 13
Futur antérieur Il aura assez travaillé pour gagner un bon salaire. He will have worked enough to earn a good salary. Will + have + Ved
Conditionnel présent Il travaillerait bien, s'il avait un bon salaire. He would work well, if he had a good salary. Would + V
Conditionnel passé Il aurait bien travaillé, s'il avait eu un bon salaire. He would have worked well, if he had had a good salary. Would + have + Ved

Voir aussi :
Les verbes à particule (phrasal verbs)
La traduction des verbes pronominaux français
Les verbes d'état